My Jabrail My Azerbaijan-This Azerbaijani region was occupied by the Armenians. The area of Jabrail is 105 thousand hectares. Jabrail is an ancient Azerbaijani region located in south-west of the country and divided from Iran by the Araz river. This is one of the most beautiful place of Azerbaijan rich in historical, architectural and natural monuments including the Khudaferin Bridges that date back to XI century “Gyz galasy” (the Maiden Tower) (XII-XIV centuries), “Gala burju” (Constellation Tower) (V-VI centuries), burial mound in the territory of Dag Tumas village, bath-house Sultan Majid (middle ages), many mausoleums, Khan-Chinar-a tree at the age of more that 800. Etc.The population was mainly engaged in arable farming, cattle breeding, viticulture and silk spinning. There were several industrial and agricultural enterprises, different institutions and organizations were functioning in the region. There were 72 general not specialized schools, one vocational school, 8 hospitals with 510 beds, dozens of aid stations, 3 music schools, 12 houses of culture, 32 clubs, 10 cultural tents and outo clubs, 78 libraries, etc. here before the occupation.
Jabrail is the motherland of intellectuals and noblemen, statesmen and public figures, prominent representatives of science, culture, literature and art. The acade micians Mehti Mehtizade, Ashraf Huseynov, 3 Corresponding Munber of the National Cademy of Science, scores of doctors and candidates of sciences the Societ Union hero Jamil Ahmadov, 7 heroes of socialist labor, 6 national heroes of Azerbaijan, a large number of skilled workers, writers, poets, journalists and people art are natives of the Jabrail region.
The basic reason of the problem is the expansionist and intransigent policy of Armenia. Although this fact has been proved by many international documents and there are many international documents, Armenia continues to occupy 20% of the soils of Azerbaijan.
A result of the occupation of the Jabrail region by the Armenian armed units, its dwellers are dispersed over 58 settlements of the Republic, 3420 families, ie 17250 still live in tents, carriages, farms, dug-outs and house made of damp bricks. Badly organized living con ditions caused the spread of different diseases among forcibly displaced people, which in turn furthered the reduction of birth rate and increase of mortality, and all that have negatively affected overall demography of the region.
The Jabrailians are firmly convinced that the day when their region and all our occupied territories will be taken from the Armenians and all these places will be flourishing again is very mar.
Jebrail is a small town situated at an altitude of 600m, in the southern foothills of the Nagorno Karabakh mountain range. A stream, which flows through the Jebrail, dries out in summertime. Until 1950 Jebrail was merely a village but its population increased a lot in the following years. It is the capital of the rayon of the same name with a territory of 1050 sq. km., separated from the Iranian province of Eastern Azerbaijan by the river Araz. In the pre-Soviet period the present area of the district was part of the Jabrail uyezd, formed in 1875, which was even larger.
After the fall of Fizuli to Armenian forces, Jebrail and almost the entire rayon were lost to Armenian forces in August 26, 1993 and has been under Armenian military control ever since (see map).The railway built along the Araz, that once connected Baku to Nakhchivan now lies abandoned, on the other hand the road parallel to both the river and the railway is still important, carrying the traffic to Armenia and Iran.The population of Jebrail had to move eastwards, and today is spread all over Azerbaijan, to this day some still dwell in refugee camps.Jebrail borders the Nagorno Karabakh territory but is not claimed by the Armenians, as such it is currently occupied as part of their ‘buffer zone’ and left derelict and abandoned. The town has been cannibalized for all kinds of materials by both Armenians and Iranians. In pre-war times the area earned their living from cash-crops, in particular cotton – dubbed by the locals the “white gold” of Azerbaijan.The most picturesque scenery in the vicinity is a huge poplar (tulip tree), which is believed to be one thousand years old. Outside Jebrail, in the village of Khalfli, an ancient watch tower still stands, allowing a great panorama over the region. The ruins of two remarkable 12th century bridges can be seen in the village of Khudafarin.
(340 km south-west of Baku)